Courtship and Marriage in Jane Austen’s World & Giveaway

Hello everyone,

Today I’m hosting Maria Grace with a guest post on her recently released book Courtship and Marriage. This is the first time I’m hosting a guest post for a Non-Fiction book, but when I read about Courtship and Marriage my interest was immediately picked and I could not resist to share more of it with you.

One of the reasons I love JAFF so much is the passion I have for regency, it’s customs, it’s values and it’s life style. This book will give me a more accurate idea about small details in the daily lives of Regency, more specifically on the customs associated to courtship and marriage, which is per se something I’m very interested in. Needless to say I’m really looking forward to read and absorb all the contents in this book.

Are you also curious about regency’s customs? What about the courtship rules and marriage expectations? Continue reading, and you’ll find out more them 🙂

 

***Book Blurb***

courtship-and-marriage6Jane Austen’s books are full of hidden mysteries for the modern reader. Why on earth would Elizabeth Bennet be expected to consider a suitor like foolish Mr. Collins in Pride and Prejudice? Would Lydia’s ‘infamous elopement’ truly have ruined her family and her other sisters’ chances to marry?  Why were the Dashwood women thrown out of their home after Mr. Dashwood’s death in Sense and Sensibility, and what was the problem with secret engagements anyway? And then there are settlements, pin money, marriage articles and many other puzzles for today’s Austen lovers.

Customs have changed dramatically in the two centuries since Jane Austen wrote her novels. Beyond the differences in etiquette and speech, words that sound familiar to us are often misleading. References her original readers would have understood leave today’s readers scratching their heads and missing important implications.

Take a step into history with Maria Grace as she explores the customs, etiquette and legalities of courtship and marriage in Jane Austen’s world. Packed with information and rich with detail from Austen’s novels, Maria Grace casts a light on the sometimes bizarre rules of Regency courtship and unravels the hidden nuances in Jane Austen’s Works.

 

***Guest Post***

Regency’s customs during Courtship

By Maria Grace

.

Thanks, Rita, for inviting me to share about courtship and marriage in Jane Austen’s day. Customs have changed so dramatically in the two centuries since Jane Austen wrote her novels that things which were obvious to her original readers leave readers today scratching their heads and missing important implications. It’s amazing how much of Austen’s stories we miss not understanding the context she wrote it.

One of the most bewildering aspects of courtship in the regency era was etiquette and customs surrounding marriage proposals. This excerpt from Courtship and Marriage in Jane Austen’s World explains some of those customs.

 

Ideally, the rigors of a 19th century courtship culminated in a proposal, called in the era ‘making a woman an offer of marriage.’ Sounds a bit like a business proposal, doesn’t it? Not surprisingly, there were a lot of similarities between the two, including prescribed expectations for exactly how the transaction between the couple would be conducted.

It’s hard to believe that Jane Austen’s iconic proposal scene between Elizabeth Bennet and Mr. Collins (Pride and Prejudice) fit those expectations more or less exactly. But, seriously, it did. Take a look.

 

Parental approval

In earlier centuries, a suitor applied first to the family before speaking with the woman herself. If her father or guardian did not approve, then the suitor dare not approach the woman herself. But in the enlightened Regency era, such a course was outmoded. Modern society believed young people had a right to choose their mates themselves—as long as their parents didn’t veto their choices afterwards of course.

Until the age of twenty-one, both parties to a marriage required parental consent to marry. Even beyond that age, parental approval was highly desirable, but not essential. Since a couple’s parents often contributed financially to their upkeep, keeping mom and dad happy was pretty important.

But even where little or no property was at stake, parents of daughters (much more than sons) wanted to be consulted, especially when the daughter was still living at home. In part this was because most considered young women to be ignorant and willful and that they could not be trusted to find men with a good character and sufficient economic prospects. (Shoemaker, 1998)

For a child, son or daughter, to ignore the opportunity of making a grand alliance would have seemed foolhardy, not just to their family, but to their peers as well. (Lewis, 1986)

Pride and Prejudice’s   Mrs. Bennet and Charlotte Lucas both demonstrate this attitude in their reactions to Elizabeth’s rejection of the very eligible (at least in the eyes of society) Mr. Collins. Elizabeth’s refusal demonstrates that willful ignorance that parents deeply feared. And who could blame them their anxiety? After all, what is more frightening than allowing your children to make their own choices and having them be wrong?

 

Proposals

A gentleman who wished to propose—and it was only the gentleman who could extend an offer of marriage—had the dubious advantage of having very clear procedures to follow. He did have some choices, though. He could offer a proposal in person or more formally, in the form of a letter.

In Emma, Robert Martin uses this vehicle for his first, ill-fated proposal to Harriet Smith. In many ways, Wentworth’s passionate letter to Anne Elliot in Persuasion is also a proposal of marriage.

In either case, it was nearly impossible to conceal his intentions from his intended. An unengaged couple was never left alone, unless an offer of marriage was being made.  Similarly, a man did not write to a woman he was not related to unless it was to make an offer. So either way, the lady could be fairly certain of what was coming.

Mr. Collins’ proposal contains all the hallmarks of a proper Regency era proposal—even though it makes the modern reader cringe and squirm.

 

Rejected offers 

According to the conventions of proposing, a man should express great doubt about the woman’s answer, regardless of what he really felt about his probable reception. This would be a sign of respect, since it suggested that her charms were such that she could expect many worthy offers of marriage.

While a young woman could refuse an offer of marriage—not really considered a good idea, mind you, but it was possible—she could easily acquire a reputation for being a jilt for doing so. In fact, both parties could be damaged by a refused offer of marriage, so matters were to be handled with the utmost delicacy and consideration for the feelings of the young man.

The woman might tell a sister or a close friend of a refused proposal. Elizabeth Bennet told her sister Jane, while Harriet Smith discussed Robert Martin with Emma. But she certainly would not talk of it to her acquaintance at large, and most especially not to another man.

Not only was it more ladylike to hold her tongue, it might mollify his dignity and prevent him from gossip that could taint her reputation.

Thus, a rejection should begin as Elizabeth Bennet’s did, with reference to her consciousness of the honor being bestowed upon her by the gentleman in question.

“You forget that I have made no answer. Let me do it without farther loss of time. Accept my thanks for the compliment you are paying me, I am very sensible of the honour of your proposals, but it is impossible for me to do otherwise than decline them.”

This gentle approach to rejection also had the dubious advantage of making it easier for a suitor to propose a second time, as noted by Mr. Collins.

“When I do myself the honour of speaking to you next on this subject I shall hope to receive a more favourable answer than you have now given me; … because I know it to be the established custom of your sex to reject a man on the first application, and perhaps you have even now said as much to encourage my suit as would be consistent with the true delicacy of the female character.”

While being very civil, it did make it difficult to make one’s true feelings clearly known. That, though, was in keeping with the general approach to courtship which largely kept feelings out of the conversation entirely.

 

Behavior during engagements

Once a couple became engaged, society expected them to act engaged. The couple might begin using each other’s Christian names. Letters and small gifts might be exchanged. A couple could express some degree of affection in public, dancing more than two dances together, for example. Chaperones because less strict, sometimes far less strict. And private affections might be expressed.

In general, engagements did not last very long, often only the minimum fifteen days (three consecutive Sundays) required to call the banns or as long as it took to draw up marriage articles. Considering that according to church records (comparing marriage dates and dates of a couple’s first child’s birth) about one third of all regency era couples went to the altar pregnant, short engagements were probably a good thing. (Heydt-Stevenson, 2005)

 

If you enjoyed this post, check out my new book, Courtship and Marriage in Jane Austen’s World, available at Amazon, Nook and KOBO. It details the customs, etiquette and legalities of courtship and marriage during the regency era and how it relates to all of Jane Austen’s works.

 

***About the author***

 

2014-posterMaria Grace has her PhD in Educational Psychology and is a 16 year veteran of the university classroom where she taught courses in human growth and development, learning, test development and counseling. None of which have anything to do with her undergraduate studies in economics/sociology/managerial studies/behavior sciences.

She blogs at Random Bits of Fascination (www.RandomBitsofFascination.com) , mainly about her fascination with Regency era history and its role in her fiction. Her newest novel, The Trouble to Check Her, was released in March, 2016. Her books, fiction and nonfiction, are available at all major online booksellers.

 

You can contact her through the below links:

author.MariaGrace@gmail.com

Facebook: http://facebook.com/AuthorMariaGrace

G+: https://plus.google.com/u/0/103065128923801481737/posts

On Amazon.com: http://amazon.com/author/mariagrace

Random Bits of Fascination (http://RandomBitsofFascination.com)

Austen Variations (http://AustenVariations.com)

English Historical Fiction Authors: (http://EnglshHistoryAuthors.blogspot.com)

On Twitter @WriteMariaGrace

On Pinterest: http://pinterest.com/mariagrace423/

 

***It’s Giveaway time***

Maria Grace would like to offer an e-book copy of Courtship and Marriage to one of my readers. The giveaway is international and all you have to do is comment this post and share with us your thoughts on this topic. If you want to know more, feel free to ask Maria 🙂

The giveaway is open until the 26th of September and the winner will be announced shortly after that.

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22 Comments

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22 responses to “Courtship and Marriage in Jane Austen’s World & Giveaway

  1. Theresa M

    One of the reasons I love historical fiction is how one also learns about the society of the day. JA’s books do help define the realities of marriage …elopement, banns, Collins assuring Elizabeth that she may never receive another proposal, etc.
    Thanks to Maria for all her research. I can’t wait to read it as I am sure it will explain much of JA’s world views!

    Liked by 1 person

    • It’s the same thing for me Theresa, and the more fan fiction I read, the more I learn, but sometimes authors are not very accurate, so this book is going to be like a bible for me when reading the next fiction books 🙂

      Like

  2. Mary

    Rita and Maria-what fascinating insights into Regency life!!!
    Such strict conditions laid down,that viewed in one way,probably
    offered protection to both parties,but seem so outdated now as to be laughable!
    And to imagine that one third of engaged couples anticipated their marriage vows! Dear me! How shocking!!
    Loved reading this post,found it very interesting and informative!
    Well done to all concerned!

    Liked by 1 person

    • I confess I still don’t believe one third of engaged couples anticipated their marriage vows Mary, it’s really hard for me to believe, but maybe Maria’s book will help me understand the reasons behind it 🙂 And who knows I’ll become a believer 🙂

      Like

  3. Charlotte

    There is so much of Jane Austens world that I am unfamiliar with. Would love the chance to learn more about it through Maria’s book!!

    Liked by 1 person

  4. me

    “Considering that according to church records (comparing marriage dates and dates of a couple’s first child’s birth) about one third of all regency era couples went to the altar pregnant, short engagements were probably a good thing.”

    That is a seriously high number of people being inappropriately chummy before marriage! I am actually (pleasantly) surprised by this! Does this mean Darcy and Elizabeth could have been pregnant by the time they went to the altar? (If the answer is yes, that just widens the canvas for JAFF authors. :D)

    I’m also wondering if the same figures (one third of brides being pregnant by the time they reached the altar) would apply to the Victorian Era as well?
    Based on my research, it seems that people in the Victorian age were sexually repressed. While King George IV was a hedonist and that impacted culture in the Regency Era, Queen Victoria was ‘proper’ and put great emphasis on upholding family values. However, my inner historical fiction writer would love it if the repressed Victorians were actually getting frisky under the sheets before they hit the altar. 🙂

    Maria and Rita, I loved this blog post. Aspiring historical fiction writers who’re setting their stories in the Regency Era would be remiss not to buy this book.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Honestly I do hope this does not inspire JAFF authors, because I love canon clean books 🙂 I just find it very hard to imagine that Darcy and Elizabeth would anticipate their vows. And I’m still a bit skeptic about this data, but maybe by Reading Maria’s book I’ll become a believer 🙂
      I never thought I would say this, but I do not want to believe 😉

      Liked by 1 person

      • Can I suggest that some of the ‘short’ pregnancies might have been just that?
        I am presuming that the demographics of one third of marriages being less than 9 months after marriage cover the whole social gamut, and where there aren’t lands, estates and inheritance involved to be certain of continence until the legal stuff is done and dusted, I would suggest that most of the ‘jumping the gun’ was done within the lower classes who didn’t have to worry [and some of whom still believed it was legal to marry by declaration over a broomstick]. Moreover, those who were continent might have given birth early owing to poor nutrition and other health complications such as work involving too much lifting. Housework was heavy work back then, and if you couldn’t afford a servant, there was a lot to do. Especially for a new wife who may have been accustomed to help her mother, but not bear the brunt of all of it herself.

        Liked by 1 person

  5. Nicole

    This is why I love to read historical fiction! Never ending source of new information! Thank you for a lovely and interesting glimpse into proposals and responses. How difficult to keep everyone happy and not end up marrying by accident. 😱

    Liked by 1 person

  6. I’ve been enjoying all the posts about this book so far. I find details like this fascinating, and it certainly makes for a deeper reading of Austen’s work.

    Liked by 1 person

    • Me too Anna! And this is very helpfull to review fiction books isn’t it? It is very likely that many things I thought as acceptable in some books are actually not, and the other way around 🙂 This book gives us a good idea of what to expect in fiction books as well 🙂

      Like

  7. Fascinating topic. Would love to win a copy but will read this either way. One of the great pleasures of JAFF is learning new tidbits about actual historical events. Many thanks, Maria!

    Liked by 1 person

  8. It was country custom until relatively recently for marriage to be delayed until the bride had quickened [the baby moved] to prove her fertility, as a large number of children were vital to any small or tenant farmer, to be free help on the farm. My mother remembered it being denounced in the pulpit in the 1930s.
    I’m certainly going to be getting the dead tree format of this book!

    Liked by 1 person

  9. Bought it! leave me out of the draw, as I have hard copy in the post, thanks for this!

    Liked by 1 person

  10. Kim P.

    Great post. I love learning more about regency customs! I look forward to reading this book.

    Liked by 1 person

  11. Patricia Finnegan

    I have never realized how long short engagements were in this time period. I kept thinking about Persuasion with Anne and Captain Wentworth vs Lydia and Wickham.

    Liked by 1 person

    • I think Lydia and Wickham are the exception, or I hope they are 🙂 I wouldn’t like to cal that na engagement 😉 But this topic is fascinating. Why did some people had engagements of 3 weeks and others of 3 months? I’m really curious about this book, but like Sarah, I think this one calls for the dead tree version 🙂

      Like

      • Dead tree version is great, I thoroughly recommend, and I am enjoying but Maria should slap her publishers’ editor over the wrist for some sloppy formatting and in the Christmas customs book for a total failure to put right the poor transcriptions of the recipes where long-s has been rendered as -f in many cases. It gives an author a bad name to have such a lousy editor, and the books are so well-written and enjoyable that this is a real shame. Maria, chapter 9 there is a section head as the last line on the first page, which should have been shifted to the next page. That’s the only bad one, and permitting through the implied concept that marriage between first cousins is illegal nowadays.
        I also recommend the Christmas customs book which has given me some ideas for the WIP and has games and customs I didn’t know, and I thought I knew most! It’s missing the game of turn the trencher, but that’s described by Beatrix Potter so I’m sure we all know that one anyway.

        Like

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